Features of the geological structure of NASA Perseverance rover landing site on Mars based on the results of frequency-resonance processing of images from spacecrafts

Authors

  • M.A. Yakymchuk Institute of Applied Problems of Ecology, Geophysics and Geochemistry, Kyiv
  • I.M. Korchagin S.I. Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2021.02.083

Keywords:

Mars, NASA Perseverance rover, satellite, chemical element, deep structure, volcano, cross-section, oil, gas, hydrogen, satellite data, photograph, direct searches, mobile technology, anomaly, remote sensing data processing, nterpretation

Abstract

The results of experimental studies on the Mars at the local landing site of the NASA Perseverance rover, in the Jezero crater area and on an area in the northern part of the planet are presented. Reconnaissance studies were carried out using the methods of frequency-resonance processing and the interpretation of images of survey sites from spacecrafts in order to study the features of their geological structure. Instrumental measurements showed that the landing site of the rover is located within a volcanic structure, filled with marls. Fragments of siliceous rocks were found on the surface in the landing zone. In a vicinity of the Jezero crater, the instrumental measurements have established (confirmed) the presence in the planet’s cross-section, of 8 types of volcanic structures filled with: 1) salt; 2) limestones; 3) dolomites; 4) marls; 5) siliceous rocks; 6) basalts; 7) ultramafic rocks; 8) kimberlites. Examination of individual areas of the planet confirmed the presence of only 27 chemical elements known on the Earth. Oxygen also belongs to the chemical elements, absent on the Mars. The lack of oxygen in the composition of the Mars indicates that there is no water on the planet, and, therefore, no ice in the Polar Regions. Large volcanic structures filled with salt have been discovered in the area near the north pole of the Mars. The numerous volcanic complexes found on the Mars filled with rocks of various compositions are important arguments in favor of a volcanic model of formation of the planet outer appearance. The research results indicate the fundamental possibility of using the data from remote sensing of planets and satellites of the solar system (images from spacecrafts, landing modules, and telescopes) to study the internal structure of survey objects and the composition of rocks, minerals, and chemical elements, present on them. The frequency— resonance technology of satellite images and the photo images processing can be used to carry out detailed studies on planets and satellites of the solar system in the framework of large scientific projects to study them. The proven mobile technology can also find applications in the selection of rock sampling sites for the rover.

References

Bagdasarova, M.V. (2014). Degassing of the Earth — a global process, formative fluidogennye minerals

(including oil and gas). Glubin. neft, No. 10, pp. 1621-1644 (in Russian).

Yakymchuk, M.A. & Korchagin, I.M. (2020). New evidence in favor of the abiogenic genesis of hydrocarbons

from the results of the testing of direct-prospecting methods in various regions of the world. Dopov. Nac.

akad. nauk Ukr., No. 9, pp. 53-60 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2020.09.053

Yakymchuk, M.A. & Korchagin, I.M. (2021). The results of direct-prospecting geophysical methods used for

the detection and localization of zones of hydrogen accumulation and migration in the Earth and the Moon

cross-sections. Dopov. Nac. akad. nauk Ukr., No. 1, pp. 65-76 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15407/

dopovidi2021.01.065

Yakymchuk, N. A., Korchagin, I. N., Bakhmutov, V. G. & Solovjev, V. D. (2019). Geophysical investigation in

the Ukrainian marine Antarctic expedition of 2018: mobile measuring equipment, innovative directprospecting

methods, new results. Geoinformatika, No.1, pp. 5-27 (in Russian).

Yakymchuk, N. A., Korchagin, I. N. (2020). On the possibility of application the frequency-resonance

technology of satellite images and photos images processing for studying objects of the solar system and far

space. Geoinformatika, No.2, pp. 98-108 (in Russian).

Yakymchuk, N. A., Korchagin, I. N. (2020). Direct-prospecting technology of frequency-resonant processing

of satellite images and photos images: results of use for determining areas of gas and hydrogen migration to

the surface and in the atmosphere. Geoinformatika, No. 3, pp. 3-28 (in Russian).

NASA’s Perseverance rover landed on Mars. Ukrainska pravda. Retrieved from https://www.pravda.com.ua/

news/2021/02/18/7283947/

Photo tour of Jezero Crater: Here’s where Perseverance will land on Mars. Live Science. Retrieved from

https://www.livescience.com/mars-jezero-crater-perseverance-photos.html

Deciphering the age of ice at the north pole of Mars. InFuture.ru. Retrieved from https://infuture.ru/article/21872

Two new images show Mars’ icy poles and pockmarked surface. Digital Trends. Retrieved from https://www.

digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/mars-esa-images-poles/

Published

30.04.2021

How to Cite

Yakymchuk М., & Korchagin І. (2021). Features of the geological structure of NASA Perseverance rover landing site on Mars based on the results of frequency-resonance processing of images from spacecrafts. Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, (2), 83–90. https://doi.org/10.15407/dopovidi2021.02.083